What is Hyperparathyroidism?
Hyperparathyroidism is when one or more of the parathyroid glands overproduce the parathyroid hormone.
Hyperparathyroidism (also known as overactive parathyroid) is an excess of the hormone made by four small glands in the neck (parathyroid glands). These glands are the size of a grain of rice and are located in the neck.
Though tiny, the parathyroid glands have a significant job function, which is to maintain the proper balance of calcium in the bloodstream and in tissues that require calcium to operate aptly.
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Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism
- Fragile bones that easily fracture (osteoporosis)
- Kidney stones
- Excessive urination
- Abdominal pain
- Tiring easily or weakness
- Bone and joint pain
- Depression or forgetfulness
- Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite
- Cardiovascular disease
- Neonatal hypoparathyroidism
- Frequent complaints of illness with no apparent cause
There are two types of hyperparathyroidism: primary and secondary. They both have long-term effects from too little or too much calcium in the bloodstream.
High calcium levels (primary) can be associated with several health conditions like heart disease, lack of consciousness, and high blood pressure. Low calcium levels (secondary) can lead to brittle bones causing osteoporosis.
There are a few treatments available, and with proper management, one can live a long, healthy life. The first is Watchful Waiting, which occurs when calcium levels are only slightly elevated and only need monitoring. Surgery is another common form of treatment. Removal of the glands that are enlarged or have a tumor (adenoma) is a cure and rarely are there any complications (but like all surgeries, there are risks). There are also medications that may help with managing hyperparathyroidism.
Why choose Aylo to treat your Hyperparathyroidism?
At Aylo Health, we offer Thyroid Ultrasounds which use sound waves to produce photos of the thyroid gland — commonly used to evaluate lumps or nodules found during routine physical or other imaging exams.
At Aylo Health, we perform Thyroid Biopsies, where your doctor will remove a tiny bit of your thyroid or nodule (lump) in-house to test in a lab. This procedure will either lead to “watchful waiting” (if benign) or surgery (if cancerous).
Find an Aylo Health location
Hyperparathyroidism can be diagnosed, managed, and treated at our Aylo Health – Endocrinology at Stockbridge location and at any of our Aylo Health – Primary Care locations at Conyers, Ellenwood, Hampton, Jackson, McDonough Hwy 81, McDonough Hwy 155, McDonough Kelly Rd, Locust Grove, and Stockbridge.
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